May 14, 1915
Co-founders Delbert H. Nagle and Martin L. Toole of the Pittsburgh Police Department organize the first meeting of what would become Fort Pitt Lodge #1. Twenty-three officers attend the meeting, held in the historic Wabash Building. At the time, policemen in many cities are paid less than $100 per month — from which they purchase their own uniforms and equipment, and work seven days a week for 12 hours or more.
Artist H. J. Garvy designs the FOP insignia, still used to this day, with the words “Jus, Fidus, Libertatum,” which translates to “Law is a safeguard of freedom.”
October 9, 1916
The Pittsburgh City Council passes an ordinance granting policemen two days a month off with pay, the first piece of legislation ever sponsored by the FOP. One year after the FOP’s formation, almost 100% of those eligible in Pittsburgh and Allegheny County are members.
November 18, 1915
The FOP’s first constitution is adopted.
October 15-17, 1917
The first annual FOP convention is held in Pittsburgh, with the first four chartered lodges attending: Pittsburgh, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and Beaver Valley. The Grand Lodge is established, with Nagle as president, and the constitution is adopted.
The first issue of the FOP Journal is published.
The Fraternal Order of Police Auxiliary (FOPA) is formed in Pittsburgh.
October 29, 1929
The stock market crashes, triggering the Great Depression. During this period,pay cuts to public employees are proposed and some municipalities issue IOUs to their police departments.
FOP membership stands at less than 5,000 and is mostly confined to Pennsylvania, but is poised for tremendous growth with the addition of lodges in five states during the next decade.
August 14, 1935
The Social Security Act is enacted, beginning a decades-long battle by the FOP to keep police officers independent of the system.
After the Federal Revenue Act subjects police officers to retroactive federal taxes, the Grand Lodge lobbies full time at the national level for the first time.
With 15,000 members, the FOP is the largest police organization in the country.
The National Fraternal Order of Police Auxiliary’s charter is approved, with Kathryn Milton elected as its first president.
World War II, 1939-1945
With many FOP members drafted or enlisted for service and a subsequent manpower shortage, hundreds of officers are called back from retirement, and many routine tasks are taken over by women, who enter the police force in significant numbers for the first time.
FOP convention plans are canceled because of wartime travel restrictions.
More than 1,000 FOP Members serve in World War II.
August 26, 1943
In response to cities in multiple states forbidding officers from joining the FOP, and subsequent firings and court cases, a resolution is passed at an emergency Grand Lodge meeting to establish the Legal Defense Fund.
The FOP Annual Survey of Salaries and Working Conditions of Police Departments is conducted, providing nationwide salary and benefit information and becoming the definitive guide for negotiations and arbitrations.
January 12, 1953
FOP President and Adams County Sheriff Ben Perry is shot and killed in the line of duty after stopping to question two hitchhikers about a robbery.
Membership reaches 40,570, with 459 local lodges and 16 state lodges.
January 1960-December 1969
After many years of distribution as a quarterly newsletter with no advertising, the FOP Journal re-debuts as a 32-page magazine with national advertising and expanded editorial content.
Amid civil unrest and increasing accusations of police brutality, a resolution is passed at the 35th Conference in Philadelphia to oppose civilian review boards.
FOP membership reaches 50,990 members and 543 lodges in 31 states.
After lobbying by the FOP, President John F. Kennedy signs a proclamation designating May 15 as Peace Officers Memorial Day and the week in which that date falls as Police Week.
Delegates refuse to reaffirm the constitutional ban on union activities and strikes at the 1967 conference, and in early September police officers stage a five-day walkout in Youngstown, Ohio, before a raise is negotiated.
Supreme Court decisions in landmark cases Garrity v. New Jersey and Gardner v. Broderick help establish the basic guidelines for a police officers’ bill of rights.
Survivor’s benefits are established for the dependents of officers killed while enforcing federal laws. It takes another seven years to modify the law to cover all line-of-duty deaths.
After 12 years of effort by the FOP, the Law and Order Commemorative Stamp is issued by the U.S. Postal Service, marked by a special ceremony at the White House with President Lyndon B. Johnson.
The Harrington House for retired police officers is completed in Philadelphia.
Six thousand officers attend an FOP-sponsored rally at the U.S. Capitol to push for police legislation.
Twelve officers are acquitted of murder in the 1969 shootout with Black Panthers in Chicago. A special fund is established by Chicago Lodge #7 to help defray the $200,000 in defense costs.
A ban on strikes is reinstated in the FOP constitution.
FOP membership surpasses 120,000.
The FOP establishes a dedicated legislative office in Washington, D.C.
September 29, 1976
The Public Safety Officers’ Benefits Act is signed by President Gerald Ford, providing a $50,000 payment by the federal government to survivors of public service officers killed in the line of duty.
Dorothy Woods is elected National secretary, the first and, to date, only woman to hold a National Executive Board position.
The first Police Week Memorial Service is conducted.
FOP begins working with the Easter Seals organization as a national corporate partner.
FOP begins accepting international lodges.
August 12-15, 1991
On its 75th anniversary, the FOP holds the 50th Biennial Conference in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
October 15, 1991
The National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial is dedicated in Judiciary Square, Washington, D.C., honoring the more than 20,000 officers who have been killed in the line of duty throughout U.S. history.
November 28, 1992
National Secretary Ralph Orms passes away while serving on the National Executive Board.
FOP purchases 309 Massachusetts Avenue in Washington, D.C., as its first permanent legislative office.
Congress establishes the COPS program.
The FOP becomes officially affiliated with the Law Enforcement Torch Run for the Special Olympics.
Day on the Hill in Washington, D.C., is established by the Grand Lodge to help State Lodge leaders connect with their representatives and senators.
Public safety is exempted from the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA).
The first National FOP website is launched.
The FOP Labor Services Division is established.
September 11, 2001
Seventy-one peace officers are killed when responding to the attacks on the World Trade Center.
The USA PATRIOT Act is passed.
December 12, 2002
FOP National Second Vice President Ray Franklin dies in the line of duty from complications suffered in an automobile accident.
January 9, 2003
National President Steve Young passes away while serving on the National Executive Board.
President George Bush signs the Hometown Heroes Survivors Benefits Act.
November 15, 2003
Maryland National Trustee Anthony Walker is killed in the line of duty while holding office.
Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) reform protects public safety overtime.
President Bush signs H.R. 218 into law.
August 29, 2004
National Secretary Jerry Atnip passes away while serving on the National Executive Board.
Frank Gale is the first African-American to be elected to the National Executive Board.
The HELPS Retirees Act establishes a pretax benefit for public safety officers for health care premiums.
The National Headquarters, Atnip-Orms Center, is dedicated in Nashville, Tennessee.
The FOP purchases 328 Massachusetts Avenue in Washington, D.C., and moves its legislative office.
The redesigned FOP Journal debuts in January 2011.
July 8, 2011
North Dakota National Trustee Steven Kenner is killed in the line of duty while holding office.
FOP membership numbers 2,100 local lodges and more than 322,000 police officers.
The FOP marks 100 years of police officers representing police officers.
Read the full Spring 2014 FOP Journal issue.